Indian Coal Industry

Coal is and has been the main stay of India’s Energy Super structure in as much as it meets about 55% of Primary Energy needs of the Country and it fuels close to 75% of Power Generation. Apart from Power, Iron and Steel, Ferro Alloys, Aluminium, Cement, Refractories, Textiles and Chemical Industries are among the major users of Coal.


India’s dependence on Coal is only logical since Coal is the only Fossil Fuel with which India is richly endowed - the Coal Resource being of the order of 350 billion tons. On the other hand Natural Gas and Petroleum resources are rather small.  In matters of Coal however, our resource level of metallurgical coal is rather small and even the quality of whatever is available is not of a very high grade. 


This being the situation, the Domestic Coal Industry should be producing enough coal for meeting its total requirement at least of Power Grade Coal. Unfortunately, this is not so and we are import-dependent for close to 250 million tons for Coal per annul – 50 million tons metallurgical and 250 million tons Power Grade.


Government of India have taken several path-breaking steps for improving this situations and the one as per which the Indian Coal Industry has been opened to Commercial mining is the most important.  Hopefully, this will clear the path for India becoming self-sufficient in respect of power grade coal. 


As a part of this programme, Coal India Ltd., the prime producer of coal has planned increase in production from the current about 600 million tons to 1 billion tons by 2023 which will amount to an increase of close to 400 million tons.


This will also take the country’s production level to about 1150 million tons taking other producers into account

Coal Transportation

Coal being a bulk-commodity, transportation cost is a very major element of the cost that consumer has to pay.  Globally and also in India bulk of the Coal is transported by Rail including MGR Systems with Road transport being a distant second.  In due course, long-distance Conveyor Systems, Slurry Pipelines Riverine and Sea Transport will also come into the picture.


Now, as it is, movement of Coal from pit-heads to the consumption points at current level of 700 million tons is proving to be difficult.  Once, another 450 million tons is added with bulk of the increase of 450 million tons coming from under-developed and developing coalfields, the difficulties would increase and the entire effort and investment made for increasing production will go waste. 


It is therefore time that a comprehensive view of the existing coal logistics is taken, weak links of today as well as of future are identified and corrective measures are taken to make the country ready for movement of 1150 million of coal economically, logically and in eco-friendly manner.


It is for this purpose that the One-Day International Seminar on Coal Logistics with the theme, "Coal Logistics Optimization – Challenges and Solutions has been planned which will deliberate on the task before the Indian Coal Industry to eliminate the import of 200 million tons per annum of Power Grade Coal by increasing production and reaching the coal to the consumer’s door-steps,  expeditiously, economically and in an eco-friendly manner.

About Coal Log India 2022

With the theme “Coal Logistics Optimization – Challenges and Solutions”, COAL LOG INDIA 2022, aims at addressing the current issues and priorities of the Coal & Mining Logistics and Supply Chain Sector in India. This event will be an exciting amalgam of a high caliber Conference Programme, New age logistics and supply chain solutions on display, recognizing the innovative Products and Services.


The Event has been planned to bring together multiple stakeholders-Mining Companies, Captive/ Commercial Coal Block Operators, Bulk Coal Consumers, Coal Carriers by Road, Sea, Rail etc, State Mining and Mineral Departments, State Electricity Generation and Distribution Companies, Solution providers and Regulators of Coal Industry, we  will have  close to 25 top -notch speakers who will  deliberate not only the down-stream factors but also deal with up-stream influences affecting Logistic and Supply Chain problems in Coal Sector, Government Policies, Railways, Future Plans, Safety and Increased use of Technology.